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How The Septic Tank Works & How To Care For It in Edmonton Home Improvement 

How The Septic Tank Works & How To Care For It in Edmonton

Underground tanks are widely used in the remote regions, thanks to the fact that they are highly efficient. The septic tanks in Edmonton are self-contained wastewater treatment systems installed underground. Since septic systems are used for the treatment and disposal of wastewater from households on site, the systems have proven to be more economical when compared to the centralized sewer systems installed in some rural locations whereby lot sizes, in most cases are bigger and homes are widely spaced apart.

When you consider septic systems, they are generally created in simple designs, thus making them less costly to fit and maintain. Since the systems use natural processes for the treatment of wastewater on site, typically in the backyards of homes, installing long lines of sewer lines is not necessary, thereby making the system less disruptive to the ecosystem.

Septic systems are comprised of two major components, including a drain field and septic tanks in Edmonton. The underground tanks are made from polyethylene, fiberglass, or concrete. Note that the system incorporates an inlet and outlet lines. Wastewater from the house flows through sewer pipes and ends up in the underground tanks. Septic tanks in Edmonton are designed to treat wastewater in a natural way by storing it for long enough until liquids and solids are separated. The waste water forms layers in the underground tank. Consequently, solids that are lighter than water such as oils and greases float on top to form scum while the heavier solids settle at the base of the underground tank, thereby forming a sludge. The separation leaves the middle part with partially cleared waste water.

The layers of scum and sludge stay in the tank and bacteria in wastewater work on the solids to break them down. However, scum and sludge that aren’t broken down are retained in the underground tanks until the next pumping. The cleaner layer of clarified waste water will then flow to a drain field or distribution device. The typical drain field is comprised of trenches, while in some instances, it could be a bed lined using coarse sand or gravel buried at least one foot beneath the ground. Drain tiles or perforated pipes run through these trenches with the objective of distributing the waste water. By allowing the water to trickle slowly from the drain pipes into the gravel, and through the soil, the wastewater is essentially treated. Note that soil and gravel act as innovative forms of biological filters.

It is important that you take note of the following important points if you wish to properly care for your septic tanks in Edmonton. You should never flush the following items down your toilet or drain, as they could potentially destroy or overburden the biological process of digestion taking place in the systems.

You should never flush these items:

  • Coffee grounds, hair combings, dental floss, kitty litter, or disposable diapers
  • Tampons, sanitary napkins, condoms, or cigarette butts
  • Fat, oil, grease, gauze, bandages, or paper towels

Do not flush chemicals such as paints, thinners, varnishes, photographic solutions, pesticides, or waste oils because these could easily contaminate the groundwater. If you need to source quality septic tanks, do not hesitate to consult reputable specialists in the industry.

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